What are the guidelines for fitness training?
Fitness training must be comprehensive.
Diversity of Fitness Programs
Each fitness activity has its own limitations on the impact it has on the human body. Therefore, to achieve comprehensive improvement of human health, diversity should be considered when choosing fitness programs. For example, individual exercises are easy to perform but lack interpersonal interaction, while group activities can compensate for this deficiency. Endurance activities have a significant effect on improving cardiovascular function, but their impact on strength and flexibility is relatively weak. To achieve optimal results, a combination of various activities is necessary.
Comprehensive Fitness Effects
The human body is an organic unity regulated by the cerebral cortex. The functions of different body parts and organ systems, as well as various physical qualities and basic abilities, are interconnected and mutually constrained. Physical qualities are the comprehensive manifestation of abilities such as strength, speed, endurance, flexibility, and agility exhibited during physical activity. They are demonstrated through muscle activity and reflect the function of visceral organs, energy supply during muscle work, and the coordination between the musculoskeletal and visceral systems. Therefore, fitness training should comprehensively consider enhancing the functions of the execution system, movement system, and regulatory system of the human body to achieve overall harmonious development. In addition to this, psychological effects and social adaptation functions of fitness should also be considered to achieve comprehensive fitness effects.
Comprehensive Targeting of Body Parts
The structure and function of the human body are highly complex. From the perspective of the musculoskeletal system, it mainly consists of muscles, bones, and joints. From a regional perspective, it includes the head and neck, upper limbs, trunk, and lower limbs. The comprehensiveness of fitness targeting refers to the fact that fitness training should not focus solely on one body part, but rather consider exercises that target various parts of the body. It is particularly important to note that the human body is symmetrical, and neglecting the training of certain body parts can easily lead to asymmetry, resulting in adverse consequences. For example, regularly using the right leg for kicking a ball can cause a phenomenon where the right leg becomes stronger and the left leg becomes weaker, which can lead to joint pain in the lower limbs. Similarly, focusing only on abdominal exercises can result in a stronger abdominal region and weaker back muscles, leading to changes in pelvic position and various types of lower back pain.
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