2024年04月18日星期四
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Psychological Regulation in Physical Fitness Training

Psychological Regulation in Physical Fitness TrainingDuring the process of physical fitness training, students inevitably encounter challenges and issues. At such times, it becomes...

Psychological Regulation in Physical Fitness Training

During the process of physical fitness training, students inevitably encounter challenges and issues. At such times, it becomes crucial to impart useful psychological regulation techniques for physical fitness training.

Relaxation Training Method

The relaxation training method is a means of focusing attention through self-suggestive language, regulating breathing, and achieving muscle relaxation. This, in turn, moderates the excitability of the central nervous system. Research indicates a bidirectional connection between the brain and skeletal muscles. The more relaxed the muscles, the fewer impulses they transmit to the brain, reducing brain excitability and minimizing psychological tension.

In practice, participants can sit comfortably in a chair, close their eyes, and engage in self-directed or guided suggestions such as "I feel completely relaxed" or "I feel tranquil." Throughout the process, maintaining calm, slow breathing is crucial.

Simulation Training Method

The simulation training method involves training in an environment closely resembling competitive conditions. This method gradually acclimates participants to the specific competitive environment, aiding in better performance and elevated competition levels. Simulation should closely match physiological, psychological, and environmental aspects of the actual competition. Typically, two approaches are used: actual combat scenarios and simulation through language, imagery, videos, and movies. This habituates participants to the competition environment and solidifies a steady mental framework for performance.

During simulation training, participants can replicate competitive scenarios like rain, sun, and high temperatures. Additionally, they can simulate overcoming sudden changes in conditions or "fighting spirit" in the face of a deficit. Changing warm-up durations, altering event sequences, adjusting line-ups under adverse conditions—these tactics help maintain control.

Self-Suggestion Training Method

The self-suggestion training method employs language and other stimuli to influence one's own psyche. Self-suggestion aims to adjust one's mood, emotions, willpower, and work capacity through verbal suggestions or mental images. In sports, self-suggestion, relaxation training, and visualization are combined to create an effective method for athletes to adjust their state during competition.

Focused Attention Training Method

The focused attention training method aims to teach participants how to remain fully engrossed in a specific goal, impervious to external stimuli and inner distractions. This entails directing mental activity toward the ongoing task, a fundamental psychological skill required in sports.

Willpower Training Method

The willpower training method cultivates participants' intrinsic motivation, determination to overcome obstacles, and qualities that drive sustained, unwavering efforts to achieve the primary objectives of sports psychology training.

Emotion Regulation Training Method

The emotion regulation training method focuses on instilling practical life philosophies, mitigating emotional distress and self-defeat, and facilitating effective management of difficulties. By observing and analyzing real-life situations, individuals can identify diverse cognitive perceptions and varying beliefs about events. The rationality of emotion regulation lies in using reason to counteract irrationality. This method helps participants recognize rational and irrational thoughts and beliefs, substituting the latter with logical thoughts and beliefs. The goal is to minimize the adverse effects of irrational thoughts, beliefs, emotions, and behavioral reactions.

In summation, psychological regulation is an indispensable aspect of physical fitness training. It equips individuals with a toolkit to manage stress, enhance focus, and elevate performance, ultimately leading to success in their fitness endeavors.

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